The importance of biodiversity and livelihood aspects within the design of REDD-plus has been recognized at many levels. This brochure demonstrates how measures and policies can be shaped to simultaneously address climate change, biodiversity loss and poverty. It identifies opportunities for synergies and mutual enhancement of the objectives of international agreements. This brochure also provides background information on the linkages between ecosystem-based adaptation and mitigation measures. It aims to introduce experts, especially from the field of climate change, to the basic concepts of biodiversity, forest resilience and ecosystem-based adaptation, which are important to the connection between mitigation and adaptation. It also shows how the conservation and sustainable use of forest biodiversity can remedy forest degradation.