The paper focuses on one of the worst forms of child labor: the forced or compulsory recruitment of children for use in armed conflict.1 Young people formerly associated with armed forces or groups have been directly affected by armed conflict during their childhood and have thereby, in most cases, been deprived of education, training and livelihood opportunities. Upon their release, they face numerous challenges of physical, social, psychosocial, educational and economic nature. This paper elaborates specifically on the issue of the economic reintegration of these young people. Programmes aiming to help them access decent work have a strong vocational skills training component and can, therefore, potentially contribute to meeting the third Education for All goal in conflict and post conflict situations. The review of existing programmes, nevertheless, suggests that much is needed to strengthen the economic component of reintegration programmes for children. The paper presents the ILO’s approach as well as lessons learned and good practices identified through projects implemented in Central Africa (Burundi, Congo, Democratic Republic of Congo (RDC) and Rwanda), Sri Lanka and the Philippines. Special emphasis is given to vocational skills training.