The aim of this paper is to review the rationale of EU Cohesion Policy investments in airport infrastructure using the example of Poland, with a particular focus on newly developed regional airports.
The paper gives a brief overview of the existing airport network in Poland. The functioning of smaller airports is examined with regard to the burden that they create for regional and local budgets. Furthermore, the paper describes planned EU investments in airport infrastructure under Cohesion Policy 2007 - 2013.
Additional topics covered include the cases of new investments clashing with nature protection, as well the use of EU funds for constructing rail connections to airports. The main recommendation drawn from the study is the need to phase out EU funds support for airport infrastructure, most urgently in case of newly constructed regional airports. In addition, EU investments in rail infrastructure should be redirected from connecting airports (particularly smaller ones) to railway lines which serve clear mobility needs in regions.