Burundi has alarming levels of food insecurity for a country dependent on agriculture. The work of women farmers is at the core of agriculture in Burundi, but they have few rights and very limited access to resources. Investment in the primary sector is essential, and in order to contribute to the country's development, agricultural spending must be directed to where it is needed most. The best way to do this is with the full participation of farmers' organizations and civil society. Now that Burundi’s government has pledged to increase the agricultural budget, it must not waste this historic moment to achieve significant progress for the country.