This case study explores the challenges and opportunities in serving youth with microfinance in conflict-affected areas. Focusing on both the supply and demand side of youth microfinance in Uganda, the study also seeks to test and further develop research tools that address both youth and microfinance. Several hypotheses were tested during the study in order to clarify myths prior to serving youth with microfinance. For example, it was found that on the demand side, Ugandan youths actually do not consider a lack of capital to be a top constraint when starting a successful business. Interestingly, the youth also felt that a number of experiences, from failed businesses to appropriate finances to personal qualities, were required before they were "ready" to use microfinance services effectively. The study presents a variety of key findings and concludes with useful programming recommendations.