"RSA and defense-contractor hacks are among the latest battles in a decade-long spy war. Hackers from many countries have been exfiltrating—that is, stealing—intellectual property from American corporations and the U.S. government on a massive scale, and Chinese hackers are among the main culprits........it is impossible to know how much Chinese hacking is done on explicit orders from the government. In some cases, the evidence suggests that government and military groups are executing the attacks themselves. In others, Chinese authorities are merely turning a blind eye to illegal activities that are good for China’s economy and bad for America’s."
Other companies that reportedly have been attacked include Google, Lockheed, "Baker Hughes, ExxonMobil, Royal Dutch Shell, BP, Conoco Phillips, Marathon Oil, Lockheed, Northrop Grumman, Symantec, Juniper, Disney, Sony, Johnson & Johnson, General Electric, General Dynamics, the law firm King & Spalding, and DuPont." Other firms include Yahoo and Symantec, "Adobe, Juniper Networks, and Rackspace" and Intel
The office computer of U.S. Defense Secretary Gates was hacked. "German chancellor Angela Merkel reportedly confronted Chinese premier Wen Jiabao after hackers from his country gained access to the computers in her office, as well as those in the German foreign, economic, and research ministries. In December, M.I.5 sent a letter to 300 British C.E.O.’s and security chiefs warning them that state-sponsored Chinese organizations may have been spying on their computer systems."
"Among the other countries targeted are Taiwan, South Korea, Japan, Hong Kong, Singapore, India, Germany, and the U.K. In 2007, the year before the Beijing Olympics, one international athletics organization and the Olympic committees of three different countries were breached."
Read More http://www.vanityfair.com/culture/features/2011/09/chinese-hacking-20110...
A senior U.S. State Department official elaborates: “One of the core things we’re trying to do diplomatically is to build a consensus internationally to build norms of behavior, rules of the road,” as described in the president’s “International Strategy for Cyberspace.”
Michael Joseph Gross, Vanity Fair, September 2011