How could HIV and AIDS resources be allocated to achieve the greatest possible impact? This paper begins with a theoretical discussion of this issue, describing the key elements of an “evidence-based allocation strategy.”While it is noted that the quality of epidemiologic and economic data remains inadequate to precisely define such an optimal strategy, there do exist tools and research which can lead countries in a way that they can make better allocation decisions. Furthermore, there are clear indications that most countries are not allocating their HIV and AIDS resources in a way which is likely to achieve the greatest possible impact. For example, it is noted that neighboring countries with a similar prevalence of HIV nonetheless often allocate their resources in radically different ways.
(Source:Result for Development Institute,2009)