Over the last 30 years, female employment has become increasingly important in maintaining the living standards of households on low to middle incomes (LMIs). Female employment falls significantly behind some of our international competitors among women over 50 and women with children. To find out more about the nature of the choices women face when opting for part-time work, this report presents the results of a survey conducted by the Resolution Foundation in partnership with Netmums, the UK’s fastest growing online parenting organization.Overall the survey finds that the majority of women with children under five across all income groups choose to work part-time, although more than a third of women in the LMI group do not feel that part-time work is a choice. Furthermore, nearly 50 percent of the LMI group have been forced to take a lower skilled job by working part-time than if they had remained in full-time work. Higher income mothers who work part-time are less likely to want to increase their hours given that they are financially more comfortable but continue to be dissatisfied with the availability of high quality part-time jobs.