The paper industry’s activities—and our individual use and disposal of paper in our daily lives—have enormous impacts. These include loss and degradation of forests that moderate climate change,destruction of habitat for countless plant and animal species, pollution of air and water, and production of methane—a potent greenhouse gas—as paper decomposes in landfills, to name just a few. How can a product that is so interwoven in our lives have such devastating effects? And more to the point,what can we do to avoid, slow, or reverse the harmful consequences of wood harvesting, pulp and paper manufacturing, and paper use and disposal? This report tackles these questions within the framework of A Common Vision for Transforming the Pulp and Paper Industry, a call to action first issued in 2002 by the Environmental Paper Network (EPN).