In the international climate negotiations forests have become a major topic. While most agree that reducing deforestation is essential to reach the goal of keeping temperature rise below two degrees, many believe that opening the international carbon market for forest offsets will be highly counterproductive. For a better understanding of the ongoing processes this paper provides information on the concept of carbon trade, why offsetting does not lead to a reduction in emissions and the role forests are supposed to play.
Faced with the challenge of climate change - to keep average temperature rise at a safe level – industrialized countries need to start making changes now by moving to low-carbon economies. However, instead of taking action, industrialised countries are proposing another solution. One that is a lot more controversial. This solution is called carbon trading.